Meaning of Interdependence of Nations
Interdependence of Nations simply means the dependence of two or more Nations on one another. It is a fact that no single nation is able to meet up with the requirements of its citizens without relying on inputs from other nations. No nation is an island. It is for this reason that nations around the world have to inter-relate and depend on one another so as to make life more meaningful for their citizens.
Reasons for Interdependence of Nations
- Political Reason: States agree to interact through the formation of different organisations. Examples are the United Nations Organization (U.N.O), Organisation of African Unity (O.A.U), etc.
- Economic Reason: Natural resources are unevenly distributed worldwide and nations can only benefit from one another through such interaction.
- Social/cultural Reason: This promotes love and friendship among nations and eliminates conflicts.
Merits of Interactions among nations of the World
- It promotes peace and security worldwide.
- Nations are drawn closer through sports, musicals, etc.
- Interactions among nations bring about economic advancement especially in the areas of technology.
- States benefit immensely from others especially through sports, cultural exchange, etc.
- Political interaction removes the interference of other states trying to dominate the others.
- The coming together of nations brings about investment opportunities.
- The interaction among nations led to the establishment of political organizations such as the United Nations (UN) and the Organisation of African Unity (OAU)
- Interactions among nations of the world help to spread civilisation and modernisation.
Demerits of Interaction Among nations of the World
- Cultural/social problems: Through interaction in sports, cultural concerts, etc, indecency, prostitution and immoral acts are being exported to other parts of the world.
- Developed nations somehow still interfere in the domestic affairs of the less developed nations.
- Neocolonialism: Interaction among nations politically, economical, etc. can lead to neocolonialism of the less advanced nations. Neocolonialism is the use of economic, political, cultural, or other pressures to control or influence other countries, especially former dependencies.
- Dumping grounds for Inferior goods
- Control of states: Political and economic interactions associated with the membership of some of the organizations. E.g. I.M.F (International Monetary Fund), U.N.O, etc can bring about control of sovereignty of less powerful states.