DEFINITIONS OF STATE AND NATION
CHARACTERISTICS OF A STATE
MEANING OF A NATION-STATE
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN A STATE AND A NATION
What is a State?
A State can be defined as a community of people permanently occupying a definite portion of a territory, independent of external control and possessing an internal government.
A state can also be defined as a politically organized body of people inhabiting a defined geographical entity with an organized legitimate government. The state in this respect is entirely free from external control. The power of a state is also guaranteed with coercive power to secure obedience from the citizens.
Characteristics of a State
1. Population: The state cannot exist without people living in it.
2. Territory: A state must possess a definite territory with a limit to its size.
3. Government: It is a government that personifies the abstract state, i.e, government gives life and meaning to a state. The sovereignty of a state is exercised by the government.
4. Sovereignty: this refers to the ultimate power of a state to make and enforce law within its territory without any external control or interference.
5. Recognition: It is important for a state to be recognized internally and externally.
6. Law: A state has a system of laws which are binding on all individuals and groups residing in the state.
7. Permanence: A state is a permanent phenomena or feature. The individual (government) may die or change but a state still remains.
What is a Nation?
A nation refers to a group of people who have a sense of belonging as a result of a common culture, origin and attitude. Unlike a state, a Nation may not possess a territory nor have a government. Homogeneity is a common feature of a nation.
What is a Nation–state?
A nation-state is a political unit consisting of an autonomous state inhabited mainly by people sharing a common culture, history and language.
Differences between State and Nation
The main difference between a State and Nation is that a State applies to self-governing political entities. A nation, on the other hand, is a group of people who share the same culture but do not have sovereignty.
Difference Between State and Nation
1. A state is the territorial association while the government is the administrative institution which involves the three organs of government..
2. A state is all inclusive having a constitution, a government and embraces all entities, while the government consist a part of the affairs of the state.
3. Government may be overthrown or changed constitutionally but the state is everlasting unless conquered in a war.
4. Government implements the decision of the state but sovereignty belongs to the state.
5. State is a politically organized body of people occupying a defined geographical area with an organized government while government is machinery set up by the state to organize and realize the goals of the state.