Definition of A School Farm
A School Farm is a farming initiative setup by school authorities in order to enable agricultural students acquire practical farming skills to complement knowledge gained in the classroom. Basically, School farms are created for the purposes of providing fundamental agricultural skills to inexperienced students.
Importance of school farm
- Well implemented school farms stimulate students’ interest in agriculture as a profession or hobby
- Students develop an understanding of sustainable agricultural systems and gain skills towards future careers in the agricultural
- It enables students acquire knowledge and skills in agriculture
- It creates an avenue for agricultural students to demonstrate and practice what they have learnt in the classroom
- It provides rich learning atmosphere for the students.
- Well implemented farms can be a source of income to the school.
Principles of siting a school farm
When choosing a school farm, certain important principles should be followed, These principles include
- Topography of the land: This describes the shape of the land. The farm should be sited on a leveled land to avoid erosion problem.
- Nature of the soil: At least 20cm of good top soil is needed. Loamy soil are the best for crop production but other structures like animals pens, store houses or cook shop can be sited in a poor soil
- Water supply: A good water supply should be available for the crops and animals.
- Nearness to school: The farm should be located very close to the school.
- Access road: There should be a good road leading to the farm.
- Security: A school farm should be located at a safe place.