These are useful ICT terms every student and teacher should know
- INTERNET BROWSER – This is a software application that is used to access and display web pages. Examples are Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera mini, etc.
2. INTERNET – This is a combination of computers that are connected together. It is a World Wide Computer Network that provides a variety of information and communication facilities
3. URL – Uniform (or Universal) Resource Locator. It is the address of a World Wide Web Page.
4. WWW – World Wide Web refers to a collection of public Web sites that are connected to the Internet, and with the use of devices such as computers and cell phones to access its content.
5. WEB PAGE – This is an electronic document that is connected to the World Wide Web.
6. WEBSITE – A website is a set of related web pages located under a single domain name.
7. DOMAIN – A domain contains a group of computers that can be accessed and administered with a common set of rules.
8. DOMAIN NAME – the part of a network address which identifies it as belonging to a particular domain. Example is schoolmattazz.com
9. CHAT – Online chat refers to any kind of communication over the Internet that offers a real-time transmission of text messages from sender to receiver.
10. HOMEPAGE – this is the introductory page of a website, typically serving as a table of contents for the site.
11. EMAIL – Electronic Mails are messages distributed by electronic means from one computer user to one or more recipients via a network.
12. ISP – Internet Service Provider is a company that provides subscribers with access to the Internet. Examples are Glo, MTN, 9mobile, Swift, etc.
13. INTERNET PROTOCOL – This comprises a set of rules governing the format of data sent over the Internet or other network.
14. DOWNLOAD – This is a term used when copying (data) from one smartphone/computer system to another, typically over the Internet.
15. UPLOAD – Uploading is the process of moving digital files such as photographs or documents from your smartphone/computer and placing them on to a central server so that someone else can retrieve them or to a website so others can see them.
16. HTTP – Hyper Text Transfer Protocol defines how messages are formatted and transmitted over the web, and what actions Web servers and browsers should take in response to various commands.
17. HTML – Hypertext Markup Language defines how Web pages are formatted and displayed. It is a standardised system for tagging text files to achieve font, colour, graphic, and hyperlink effects on World Wide Web pages.
18. SEARCH ENGINE – This is usually a website programme that searches for and identifies items in a database that correspond to keywords or characters specified by the user, used especially for finding particular sites on the World Wide Web. Examples of search engines include: Google, Yahoo, Bing, etc.
19. CYBER CAFE – Also known as Internet Café, is a public place where customers pay to use computers with access to the Internet.
20. CYBER SPACE – the notional environment in which communication over computer networks occurs