Meaning of Non-Alignment
Non-alignment can be defined as a national policy that is centred on refusing to accept or be associated with political or military alliance of the world superpowers.
may be defined as the non-commitment of a nation against any major power bloc on international issues. It is mostly associated with neutrality in the face of mounting tension in the world, especially between the super powers in the era of the cold war.
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major world super power. The Non-Aligned Movement is a Movement of about 120 members representing the interests and priorities of developing countries. The Movement has its origin in the Asia-Africa Conference held in Bandung, Indonesia in 1955.
Origin of Non-Aligned Movement
It is an international movement drawn from different countries of the world and mostly the third world countries in Africa, Latin America, Asia, Europe, etc. The major aim of this movement is the adoption of a non-confrontational approach to world issues. The founding fathers of this movement are; Yugoslavia’s president Josip Broz Tito; Indonesia’s first president, Sukarno; Egypt’s second president, Gamal Abdel Nasser; Ghana’s first president, Kwame Nkrumah and India’s first prime minister, Jawarahal Nehru.
Aims and Objectives of Non-Aligned Movement
- Mounting opposition to issues about arms and nuclear weapons.
- To support every move at resolution of disputes among nations.
- To create an avenue for states to interact freely within the comity of nations.
- To create opportunities for discussion and assessment of international issues objectively.
- To work and co-operate with other international organizations.
- To strongly oppose the East and West ideological divide and the division of the world into two opposing blocs.
Problems of Non-alignment
- It has no feature of a well defined international body.
- Most members of the movement are not financially stable.
- It has no military establishment of its own.
- There are differences in the ideological stance.
- The control of IMF and World bank is affecting policies of the movement.
- Difference in cultural background.
- Fear of domination expressed by the poor states against the richer ones.
Factors that Stimulated the Formation of Non-aligned Movement
- The formation of international groupings.
- The era of cold war and the accumulation of warheads and weapons of mass destruction.
- Bi-polarisation of the world.
- The aspiration and desire of independent states.
- To be involved in the issues of global dimension.
- Consolidation of sovereignty.