FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS
Fundamental rights are those privileges and entitlements individuals have for being humans. Fundamental Human rights are natural and inherent in all human beings regardless of their nation, location, language, religion, ethnic origin or any other status.
TYPES OF FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS
- The right to life
- The right to dignity of persons
- Right to freedom of speech
- Right to freedom of association
- The right to fair hearing
- The right to freedom of movement
- The right from freedom of discrimination
- The right to personal liberty
- The right to vote and be voted for during an election
- The right to private family life
- Right to ownership of properties
Human Right Abuse
Human right abuse occurs when individuals are denied their fundamental rights as listed above. Human right abuse is a social problem which can make people rebellious against constituted authorities.
Ways of Preventing Human Right Abuse
Every right that we have must be balanced against someone else’s right. For instance, the right you have to speak your mind about a person must be balanced against that person’s right to not have his/her reputation ruined maliciously. That said, below are some of the Ways of preventing fundamental human right abuse.
- Respect for and obedience to the law of the land
- Educating citizens on their rights
- Imposing sanctions on those who abuse other people’s right.
- Equality before the law
- Collectively fighting human right abusers.
- Activities of the human rights organisation.
Limitations to Human Rights
- Civil unrest – Whenever there is riot or crisis, there will not be freedom of movement.
- Some people’s movement can be limited if they have a case in the law court.
- A citizen who is infected with deadly diseases may be isolated for treatment in order not to infect other people thereby denying him/ her freedom of movement.
- A person’s land and property can be destroyed if built on the wrong place or if government wants to make some construction of roads or other project that will be useful for the public.
- A person who is found guilty of a murder case can lose his/her right to life.