Meaning of Constituted Authority
Constituted authorities are the laid down laws of any society to guide actions and in-actions of its members. The aim of constituted authorities is to enhance smooth running of the society by ensuring rights of each member are respected.
Who is a constituted authority?
A constituted authority is any representative or officer who has been properly appointed or elected under the constitution for the government of that country's citizenry or the society. This includes the President, Governors, Police Officers, etc.
In a secondary school, the constituted authorities consist the principal, vice principals and heads of departments (HOD).
Constituted authorities get their powers from the constitution. A Constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organisation is governed.
Types of Constituted Authorities
There are basically FOUR types of constituted authorities:
- Government Constituted Authority
- Religious Constituted Authority
- Traditional Constituted Authority
- Organisational Constituted Authority
GOVERNMENT CONSTITUTED AUTHORITY
Government constituted Authorities: These are representatives or officers who has been properly appointed or elected under the constitution for the government of a country's citizenry. E.g. the Presidents, the Governors, the ministers, etc.
Functions of Government Constituted Authority.
- They protect the citizens against internal and external attacks
- They make Law and Execute them
- They promote national unity
- They respect the dignity of individual
- They protect the rights of individuals in the country
- They provide social amenities like water, electricity, etc. for the people.
TRADITIONAL CONSTITUTED AUTHORITIES
Traditional constituted authority is based on the customs and traditions or culture of the people. The leaders are in charge of the local traditions and customs. They are the traditional rulers. Examples include: Emir of Kano, Oba of Benin, Alaafin of Oyo, etc
Functions of Traditional Constituted Authority.
- They help the local government to maintain law and order in local communities.
- They take charge of local traditions.
- They are the chief priests or heads of traditional ceremonies.
- They help the government to educate people on the need for cooperation with the government.
RELIGIOUS CONSTITUTED AUTHORITIES
These are religious Leaders. They are spiritual leaders of any religious group in the society. They can be elected or appointed depending on their practice or doctrine. Examples are Imams, Pastors, Ifa Priests, etc.
Functions of Religious Constituted Authority
- They attend to the spiritual needs of their members
- They act as intermediaries between God and their followers.
- They help in educating their members on various Government policies.
- They help to maintain peace and orderliness in their different groups.
ORGANISATIONAL CONSTITUTED AUTHORITIES
These are leaders of business organisations, clubs, political parties or social gatherings.
Functions of Organisational Constituted Authority.
- They cater for the interest of their members
- They make decision and policies for their members
- They protect the right of their members
- They represent their organizations in any relevant event in the society.